A network of protein-protein interactions (PPI) is involved in the activation of (+)-7-iso-jasmonoyl-L-isoleucine (JA-Ile), a plant hormone that regulates plant defense responses as well as plant growth and development. In the absence of JA-Ile, inhibitory protein jasmonate-ZIM-domain (JAZ) represses JA-related transcription factors, including a master regulator, MYC. In contrast, when JA-Ile accumulates in response to environmental stresses, PPI occurs between JAZ and the F-box protein COI1, which triggers JAZ degradation, resulting in derepressed MYC that can interact with the transcriptional mediator MED25 and upregulate JA-Ile-related gene expression. Activated JA signaling is eventually suppressed through the catabolism of JA-Ile and feedback suppression by JAZ splice variants containing a cryptic MYC-interacting domain (CMID). However, the detailed structural basis of some PPIs involved in JA-Ile signaling remains unclear. Herein, we analyzed PPI between MYC3 and MED25, focusing on the key interactions that activate the JA-Ile signaling pathway. Biochemical assays revealed that a short binding domain of MED25 (CMIDM) is responsible for the interaction with MYC, and that a bipartite interaction is critical for the formation of a stable complex. We also show the mode of interaction between MED25 and MYC is closely related to that of CMID and MYC. In addition, quantitative analyses on the binding of MYC3-JAZs and MYC3-MED25 revealed the order of binding affinity as JAZJas < MED25CMIDM < JAZCMID, suggesting a mechanism for how the transcriptional machinery causes activation and negative feedback regulation during jasmonate signaling. These results further illuminate the transcriptional machinery responsible for JA-Ile signaling.
Keywords: AlphaScreen; fluorescence anisotropy; jasmonate; plant hormone; protein–protein interaction; transcription factor.
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