Social Communication and pragmatic skills of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Developmental Language Disorder

Codas. 2021 Dec 17;34(2):e20210075. doi: 10.1590/2317-1782/20212021075. eCollection 2021.

Abstract

Purpose: to assess the pragmatic and social communicative abilities of children with Typical Language Development (TLD), Autism Spectrum disorder (ASD) and Developmental Language Disorder (DLD).

Methods: Participants were 40 parents and 29 teachers of 40 children ages between 3 and 6 years. Ten children had DLD, ten had ASD and 20 had typical development. All participants answered to the questionnaire of the "Assessment of Pragmatic Language and Social Communication - APLSC - parent and professional reports - beta research version. Data were submitted to statistical analysis.

Results: The assessment tool was useful in identifying the difference in performance of children with different social communicative profiles.

Conclusion: Children with ASD presented social and pragmatic impairments that were more significant than those presented by children with DLD. However, both children with ASD and with DLD presented more social pragmatic difficulties than children with TLD.

MeSH terms

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Communication
  • Humans
  • Language Development Disorders*
  • Language Tests
  • Social Skills