Quantitative organ visualization using SPECT

J Nucl Med. 1987 Mar;28(3):334-41.


Quantitative organ visualization (QOV) was performed using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Organ size was calculated from serial, contiguous ECT images taken through the organ of interest with image boundaries determined using a maximum directional gradient edge finding technique. Organ activity was calculated using ECT counts bounded by the directional gradient, imaging system efficiency, and imaging time. The technique used to perform QOV was evaluated using phantom studies, in vivo canine liver, spleen, bladder, and kidney studies, and in vivo human bladder studies. It was demonstrated that absolute organ activity and organ size could be determined with this system and total imaging time restricted to less than 45 min to an accuracy of about +/- 10% providing the minimum dimensions of the organ are greater than the FWHM of the imaging system and the total radioactivity within the organ of interest exceeds 15 nCi/cc for dog-sized torsos. In addition, effective half-lives of approximately 1.5 hr or greater could be determined.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dogs
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Humans
  • Kidney / diagnostic imaging
  • Liver / diagnostic imaging
  • Models, Structural
  • Radioisotopes
  • Spleen / diagnostic imaging
  • Technetium
  • Thallium
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed / instrumentation
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed / methods*
  • Urinary Bladder / diagnostic imaging


  • Radioisotopes
  • Technetium
  • Thallium