Normative data for the Brief Spanish-English Verbal Learning Test for representative and diverse Hispanics/Latinos: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

Alzheimers Dement (Amst). 2021 Dec 7;13(1):e12260. doi: 10.1002/dad2.12260. eCollection 2021.

Abstract

Introduction: Episodic learning and memory performance are crucial components of cognitive assessment. To meet the needs of a diverse Hispanic/Latino population, we aimed to provide normative data on the Brief Spanish-English Verbal Learning Test (B-SEVLT).

Methods: The target population for the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) included individuals 45+ years old from Central American, Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and South American backgrounds. Average age was 56.5 years ± 9.92, 54.5% were female, and mean education was 11.0 years ± 5.6 (unweighted n = 9309). Participants were administered the B-SEVLT in their preferred language (Spanish or English). Hispanic/Latino background adjusted B-SEVLT scores and percentile cut-points were created using survey-adjusted regression models.

Results: Higher educational attainment, younger age, and being female were associated with higher learning and memory performance. Hispanic/Latino background groups differed in B-SEVLT performance.

Discussion: Representative learning and memory norms for Hispanic/Latinos of diverse backgrounds will improve cognitive assessment and accuracy of neurocognitive disorder diagnosis.

Keywords: Hispanic American; aging; disparities; memory; neuropsychology; sex.