Obinutuzumab plus lenalidomide in advanced, previously untreated follicular lymphoma in need of systemic therapy: a LYSA study

Blood. 2022 Apr 14;139(15):2338-2346. doi: 10.1182/blood.2021013526.


Obinutuzumab and lenalidomide (referred to as the GALEN combination) is an active immunomodulatory combination with a manageable safety profile in multiple types of lymphoma. We report efficacy and safety results for the phase 2 GALEN study in previously untreated patients with advanced follicular lymphoma (FL). Eligible patients aged ≥18 years had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status ≤2 and high-tumor burden, grade 1 to 3a FL. Induction treatment was obinutuzumab (1000 mg IV, days 8, 15, and 22, cycle 1; day 1, cycles 2-6) plus lenalidomide (20 mg/d, days 1-21, cycle 1; days 2-22, cycles 2-6) for six 28-day cycles. Maintenance included obinutuzumab (1000 mg every 2 cycles) plus lenalidomide (10 mg, days 2-22) for ≤12 cycles (year 1) followed by obinutuzumab (1000 mg every 56 days) for 6 cycles (year 2). The primary end point was complete response rate (CRR) after induction per the 1999 International Working Group criteria. From October 2015 to February 2017, a total of 100 patients were enrolled. CRR after induction was 47%, and the overall response rate (ORR) was 92%. Post hoc analyses per the 2014 Lugano classification, including patients with missing bone marrow assessments, identified an additional 13 patients fulfilling CRR criteria, resulting in a complete metabolic response of 80% and an ORR of 94%. At a median follow-up of 3.7 years, 3-year progression-free survival and overall survival were 82% and 94%, respectively. The most common adverse event was neutropenia (48% any grade; 47% grade ≥3). Only 2% of patients presented with febrile neutropenia; others were mainly grade ≤2. No other specific grade ≥3 toxicity occurred at a frequency >3%. Overall, these results showed promising clinical efficacy for the chemotherapy-free GALEN backbone in previously untreated patients with high tumor burden FL. Except for neutropenia, the safety profile of the combination is remarkable. The study was registered at as #NCT01582776.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Lenalidomide / therapeutic use
  • Lymphoma, Follicular* / pathology
  • Neutropenia* / drug therapy
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Lenalidomide
  • obinutuzumab

Associated data