Individuals with bleeding tendencies are more likely to have blood type O than blood types A, B, or AB. Platelet storage pool deficiencies are a lesser-known group of bleeding disorders which often go undiagnosed and may account for a significant number of patients with unexplained bleeding defects. We hypothesized that patients with platelet δ-storage pool deficiency might also have a predominance of type O blood. A retrospective review of medical records of 2,020 patients with unexplained bleeding and evaluated for δ-storage pool deficiency was performed. Correlations between dense granule numbers, blood type, and von Willebrand factor were analyzed for statistical differences. 51.5% of blood samples were blood type O compared to an incidence of 44.0% in the U.S. population. There was a significant association of vWF and blood type O but not with the delta storage pool. There is a preponderance of blood type O in the study population compared to the U.S. population. There is no statistically significant link between blood type O and lower dense granule numbers in this study.
Keywords: ABO; bleeding; blood type; platelets; storage pool deficiency.