Medicolegal Implications of Fatalities Because of Entanglement in the Augers of Feed Mixer Wagons

Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2022 Jun 1;43(2):157-165. doi: 10.1097/PAF.0000000000000733. Epub 2021 Dec 22.


Feed mixer or total mixed ration mixer wagons are powerful agricultural machines used to shred and mix silage with other ingredients and deliver it direct to the feeding troughs on livestock farms. Fatalities involving these feed mixers may occur when operators become trapped in the augers or, less frequently, are crushed by moving wagons. Death can occur very rapidly because of dismemberment, multiple lesions, or crushing. The aim of this review is to focus on the diagnostic evaluations that need to be performed to confirm that the death was accidental and to exclude a hypothesis of murder or suicide. Forensic investigations in such cases must involve the detailed analysis of the death scene and the mechanical characteristics of the machinery with an accurate postmortem and toxicological examination.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Accidents
  • Agriculture*
  • Autopsy
  • Crush Injuries*
  • Homicide
  • Humans