The prevalence of retinal detachment during childhood and adolescence was studied in 45,000 recruits aged 17 to 19 years. History of retinal detachment was found in 13 cases (0.028%); 61.5% of these had traumatic retinal detachment, and 23.1% had high myopia without history of trauma. The age-related annual incidence of retinal detachment in patients aged ten to 19 years was calculated to be 2.9 per 100,000. The prevalence among the males was 3.7 per 10,000 and among the females 1.6 per 10,000. The difference between the sexes was not statistically significant.