Comparisons of Flow Dynamics of Dual-Blade to Single-Blade Beveled-Tip Vitreous Cutters

Ophthalmic Res. 2022;65(2):216-228. doi: 10.1159/000521468. Epub 2021 Dec 23.


Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the flow dynamics of the dual-blade to the single-blade beveled-tip vitreous cutters.

Methods: The aspiration rates of balanced salt solution (BSS) and swine vitreous were measured for the 25-gauge and 27-gauge dual- and single-blade beveled-tip vitreous cutters. The flow dynamics of BSS and diluted vitreous mixed with fluorescent polymer at the maximal cutting rates and the reflux of BSS were measured in images obtained by a high-speed camera. The distal end of the cutter was defined as the head end.

Results: The aspiration rates of BSS and vitreous by the 25- and 27-gauge dual-blade cutters were significantly higher than those of both single-blade cutters at the maximal cutting rate (all p ≤ 0.01). The mean aspiration flow of BSS in front of the port from a lateral view was significantly faster for both dual-blade cutters than for both single-blade cutters (p = 0.003, p = 0.019). The angle of the mean flow of BSS of both dual-blade cutters was from the distal end (p < 0.001, p < 0.001) but that of the single-blade cutters was from the proximal end. The velocity and angle of the mean reflux flow of both types of cutters were not significantly different. The mean aspiration flow of diluted vitreous was significantly faster for 25-gauge dual-blade cutters with the angle more from the proximal end and 27-gauge dual-blade cutters more from the distal end than both single-blade cutters (p = 0.018, p = 0.048).

Conclusion: The dual-blade beveled-tip vitreous cutters improve the efficiency of the vitrectomy procedures and maintain the distal aspirating flow by the beveled tip.

Keywords: Fluid dynamics; High-speed camera; Vitrectomy cutter; Vitrectomy probe.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Microsurgery* / methods
  • Swine
  • Vitrectomy / methods
  • Vitreous Body* / diagnostic imaging
  • Vitreous Body* / surgery