Using Modified-Intake Plasma-Enhanced Metal-Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition System to Grow Gallium Doped Zinc Oxide

Micromachines (Basel). 2021 Dec 20;12(12):1590. doi: 10.3390/mi12121590.


We have used a modified-intake plasma-enhanced metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MIPEMOCVD) system to fabricate gallium-doped zinc oxide (GZO) thin films with varied Ga content. The MIPEMOCVD system contains a modified intake system of a mixed tank and a spraying terminal to deliver the metal-organic (MO) precursors and a radio-frequency (RF) system parallel to the substrate normal, which can achieve a uniform distribution of organic precursors in the reaction chamber and reduce the bombardment damage. We examined the substitute and interstitial mechanisms of Ga atoms in zinc oxide (ZnO) matrix in MIPEMOCVD-grown GZO thin films through crystalline analyses and Hall measurements. The optimal Ga content of MIPEMOCVD-grown GZO thin film is 3.01 at%, which shows the highest conductivity and transmittance. Finally, the optimal MIPEMOCVD-grown GZO thin film was applied to n-ZnO/p-GaN LED as a window layer. As compared with the indium-tin-oxide (ITO) window layer, the n-ZnO/p-GaN LED with the MIPEMOCVD-grown GZO window layer of the rougher surface and higher transmittance at near UV range exhibits an enhanced light output power owing to the improved light extraction efficiency (LEE).

Keywords: Ga-doped ZnO (GZO); modified-intake plasma-enhanced metal–organic chemical vapor deposition (MIPEMOCVD); n-ZnO/p-GaN light-emitting diode (LED).