Fifteen hundred coronary reoperations. Results and determinants of early and late survival

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1987 Jun;93(6):847-59.


Fifteen hundred consecutive patients undergoing a first reoperation for coronary revascularization were reviewed to determine early and late results and predictors of survival. Patients were subdivided into cohorts on the basis of the year of reoperation: Group A (1967 to 1978, 436 patients); Group B (1979 to 1981, 439 patients); and Group C (1982 to 1984, 625 patients). Overall operative mortality was 3.4% (51 deaths): 4.6%, 2.3%, and 3.4% for Groups A, B, and C, respectively. Group C had significantly more women (p = 0.01) and patients with triple-vessel disease, left main coronary artery stenosis (greater than or equal to 50%), abnormal left ventricular function, age greater than or equal to 70 years, and graft failure as a surgical indication (all p less than 0.001). The mean interval between operations increased from 50 months for Group A to 84 months for Group C. At reoperation, Group C patients received more grafts, more internal mammary artery grafts, and had a higher prevalence of complete revascularization (all p less than 0.001). Univariate and multivariate analyses identified left main stenosis (p less than 0.0001), Class III or IV symptoms (p = 0.0002), advanced age (p = 0.0006), Group A (p = 0.02), and incomplete revascularization (p = 0.004) as predictors of increased in-hospital mortality. Follow-up of in-hospital survivors (mean interval 54 months, range 13 to 171 months) documented a 5 year survival rate of 90% and a 10 year survival rate of 75%. Multivariate testing identified advanced age (p less than 0.0001), hypertension (p less than 0.0001), and abnormal left ventricular function (p less than 0.0001) as predictors of decreased late survival.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Angiography
  • Coronary Artery Bypass*
  • Coronary Disease / mortality
  • Coronary Disease / surgery*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mammary Arteries / transplantation
  • Middle Aged
  • Reoperation / mortality