Whole and fractionated human platelet lysate biomaterials-based biotherapy induces strong neuroprotection in experimental models of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Biomaterials. 2022 Jan:280:121311. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2021.121311. Epub 2021 Dec 4.


Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating neurodegenerative disease of motor neurons leading to death within 3 years and without a curative treatment. Neurotrophic growth factors (NTFs) are pivotal for cell survival. A reason for the lack of patient efficacy with single recombinant NTF brain infusion is likely to be due to the synergistic neuroprotective action of multiple NTFs on a diverse set of signaling pathways. Fractionated (protein size <50, <30, <10, <3 kDa) heat-treated human platelet lysate (HHPL) preparations were adapted for use in brain tissue with the aim of demonstrating therapeutic value in ALS models and further elucidation of the mechanisms of action. In neuronal culture all fractions induced Akt-dependent neuroprotection as well as a strong anti-apoptotic and anti-ferroptotic action. In the <3 kDa fraction anti-ferroptotic properties were shown to be GPX4 dependent highlighting a role for other platelet elements associated with NTFs. In the SOD1G86R mouse model, lifespan was strongly increased by intracerebroventricular delivery of HHPL or by intranasal administration of <3 kDa fraction. Our results suggest that the platelet lysate biomaterials are neuroprotective in ALS. Further studies would now validate theragnostic biomarker on its antiferroptotic action, for further clinical development.

Keywords: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; Motoneuron; Neurodegenerative diseases; Neuroprotection; Neurotrophic growth factors; Platelet biomaterials.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis* / drug therapy
  • Animals
  • Biocompatible Materials / therapeutic use
  • Biological Therapy
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Motor Neurons / metabolism
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases* / therapy
  • Neuroprotection
  • Superoxide Dismutase / metabolism


  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Superoxide Dismutase