Adjunct Devices for the Pediatric Difficult Airway: A Case Report

Ann Emerg Med. 2022 Apr;79(4):348-351. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2021.11.022. Epub 2021 Dec 22.


This is a case report of a pediatric patient with a difficult airway, in which several airway adjuncts were used simultaneously to successfully provide adequate oxygenation and ventilation during cardiac arrest. Difficult airways are low-incidence, high-risk emergencies in children, and airway adjuncts may be used infrequently, let alone in combination. Included in the discussion of this case are a description of each airway adjunct and a discussion of the process needed to incorporate airway adjuncts safely and effectively into patient care.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Airway Management
  • Child
  • Heart Arrest* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Intubation, Intratracheal
  • Lung
  • Thorax