Second-Generation Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Discontinuation in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Patients with Stable Deep Molecular Response: A Systematic Review and a Meta-Analysis

Comput Math Methods Med. 2021 Dec 16:2021:3110622. doi: 10.1155/2021/3110622. eCollection 2021.


The treatment with 2nd-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (2G-TKIs), namely, dasatinib and nilotinib, has been reported to have faster and deeper responses in newly diagnosed chronic phase-chronic myeloid leukemia (CP-CML) patients as compared with imatinab. A number of studies on the discontinuation of 2G-TKIs have been conducted and recently published. A meta-analysis was conducted in this study to assess the rate of treatment-free remission (TFR) rate as well as the long-term safety of 2G-TKI discontinuation in CML patients with stable deep molecular response (DMR). 517 patients were recruited in 5 single-armed, prospective cohort studies. The overall weighted mean TFR rate at the follow-up of 12 months reached 57% (95% CI 51-64%; I 2 = 56.4%). The weighted mean TFR rate at the 24-month follow-up was 53% (95% CI 47-60%; I 2 = 47.1%). The loss of TFR was primarily concentrated in the first 12 months. 96.5% of patients, having restarted TKI therapy after a molecular relapse, achieved major molecular response (MMR) rapidly. There were four deaths at the two-year follow-up. As suggested from the results of the final study, 2G-TKI discontinuation in CML patients with stable DMR was reported to be feasible. Relapsed patients were retreated with 2G-TKI, and over 95% of patients could reach MMR. Almost no deaths occurred due to adverse events in two years after discontinuation, and more than half of the patients could maintain a TFR.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Systematic Review
  • Retracted Publication

MeSH terms

  • Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Computational Biology
  • Dasatinib / administration & dosage
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Duration of Therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Imatinib Mesylate / administration & dosage
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic-Phase / drug therapy*
  • Male
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / administration & dosage*
  • Pyrimidines / administration & dosage
  • Recurrence
  • Remission Induction


  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • Pyrimidines
  • Imatinib Mesylate
  • nilotinib
  • Dasatinib