The Impact of Tuberculosis on the Well-Being of Adolescents and Young Adults

Pathogens. 2021 Dec 8;10(12):1591. doi: 10.3390/pathogens10121591.


The health needs of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) have been neglected in tuberculosis (TB) care, control, and research. AYAs, who are distinct from younger children and older adults, undergo dynamic physical, psychological, emotional, cognitive, and social development. Five domains of adolescent well-being are crucial to a successful transition between childhood and adulthood: (1) Good health; (2) connectedness and contribution to society; (3) safety and a supportive environment; (4) learning, competence, education, skills, and employability; and (5) agency and resilience. This review summarizes the evidence of the impact of TB disease and treatment on these five domains of AYA well-being.

Keywords: Zimbabwe; adherence; differentiated service delivery; stigma; youth-friendly.

Publication types

  • Review