Impact of renal chimney intra-aortic stent length on branch and end-stent angle in chimney endovascular aneurysm repair and endovascular aneurysm sealing configurations

Vascular. 2023 Apr;31(2):234-243. doi: 10.1177/17085381211059978. Epub 2021 Dec 28.

Abstract

Objective: Practice patterns and durability of parallel stent graft techniques in complex endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) remain poorly defined. We aimed to quantify and compare the impact of renal chimney intra-aortic stent length (IASL) on geometric deformations of renal arteries in complex EVAR.

Methods: Thirty-eight nonconsecutive patients underwent EVAR utilizing parallel stent graft techniques (chimney EVAR [chEVAR], n = 28; chimney endovascular aneurysm sealing [chEVAS], n = 10) between 2010 and 2016. A total of 59 renal chimney stent grafts were used. Geometric quantification was derived from three-dimensional model-based centerline extraction. Renal chimney intra-aortic stent length (IASL) was defined as the length of chimney stent that extended from the proximal edge of the chimney stent to the ostium of the corresponding renal artery.

Results: Mean IASL for both left and right renal arteries in the cohort was 35.7 mm. Renal arteries containing chimney IASL <30 mm trended toward a greater branch angle (135.4 vs. 127.8°, p = .06). Left renal arteries showed significantly greater branch angle among those with IASL <40 mm (135.5 vs. 121.7°, p = .045). Mean IASL for renal arteries in chEVAR was significantly longer compared to chEVAS (39.2 vs. 26.3 mm, p = .003). No difference was noted in overall branch angle or end-stent angle based on procedure type. ChEVAR with IASL <30 mm had significantly greater end-stent angle (48.2 vs. 33.5°, p = .03). In contrast, chEVAS patients showed no difference in end-stent angle based on IASL thresholds, but did have significantly greater branch angle among those with IASL <30 mm when grouped by both all renal arteries (133.5 vs. 113.5°, p = .004) and right renal arteries (134.3 vs. 111.6°, p = .02).

Conclusions: Renal chimney stents with longer IASL appear to exhibit less renal artery deformation, suggesting a more gradual and perpendicular transition of the chimney stent across the renal ostium.

Keywords: Abdominal aortic aneurysm; chimney evar; endovascular aneurysm sealing.

MeSH terms

  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal* / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal* / surgery
  • Aortography / methods
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation* / adverse effects
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation* / methods
  • Endovascular Aneurysm Repair
  • Endovascular Procedures* / adverse effects
  • Endovascular Procedures* / methods
  • Humans
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Stents
  • Treatment Outcome