Evaluation of Torsional Resistance and Bending Stiffness of Coronal Flaring Nickel-Titanium Instruments

Eur Endod J. 2021 Dec;6(3):284-289. doi: 10.14744/eej.2021.25238.


Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the bending and torsional resistance of the following instruments: Mtwo 25/.07 (MT - VDW, Munich, Germany), Navigator W-XN 25.07 (WXN - Wizard Navigator, Medin, Nové Město na Moravě, Czech Republic), ProTaper Universal SX 19/.04 (PSX - Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, USA), MK Orifice Shapper 17/.08 (OS - MK Life Medical and Dental Products, Porto Alegre, Brazil) and MK Sequence 17.12 (MKS - MK Life Medical and Dental Products, Porto Alegre, Brazil).

Methods: One hundred instruments were used (n=20). Resistance to bending (n=10), torque and angular deflection (n=10) at the failure of new instruments were measured according to ISO 3630-1. Metal mass volume at 3 mm from the tip was evaluated using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). The fractured surface of each fragment was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Data were analysed using 1-way analysis of variance and Tukey tests.

Results: Torsional resistance values of MK Sequence were higher than the other groups (P<0.05). No differences were observed among MT, WXN and OS (P>0.05) and PTS, which presented the lowest values (P<0.05). MT showed the highest angular deflection (P<0.05). WXN and PSX presented no significant difference (P>0.05). PSX and OS also showed no significant differences (P>0.05). MKS instruments had the lowest angular deflection values (P<0.05). There were significant differences among all the groups in bending stiffness test (P<0.05), but PSX had the lowest torque to bend (P<0.05). MKS had the larger metal mass volume at 3 mm from the tip (P<0.05). SEM analysis showed similar and typical features of torsional failure for all instruments tested.

Conclusion: In conclusion, MK Sequence 17/.12 had the highest torsional fracture resistance. Mtwo 25/.07 showed higher angular deflection capacity, and ProTaper Universal SX the 19/.04 lower bending stiffness.