Somatic diseases and sleep complaints. An epidemiological study of 3,201 Swedish men

Acta Med Scand. 1987;221(5):475-81.


The prevalence of sleep complaints and somatic diseases was estimated in a random sample of 4064 Swedish men aged 30-69 years. Great difficulty initiating sleep (DIS) was experienced by 6.9% and moderate problems in DIS by 14.3%. Complaints of major difficulty maintaining sleep (DMS) were reported by 7.5% of the men and of moderate DMS by 14.9%. DMS was more frequent with increasing age. Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) was reported by 5.7%. Altogether 879 men were attending regular medical examinations for somatic diseases. Among the 299 hypertensive men, major complaints of DMS (13.5%), DIS (8.4%) and EDS (8.8%) were more common, but the 167 men treated with beta-blockers rather showed a proportionally somewhat lower prevalence of sleep complaints. Men with obstructive pulmonary disease (n = 113) had a higher prevalence of DMS (18.8%) and EDS (12.4%). Diabetic men (n = 74) complained also more often of DMS (21.9%), DIS (21.1%) and EDS (12.2%). Men with rheumatic disease (n = 176) and obesity (n = 221) also had increased prevalence of sleep complaints.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Diabetes Complications
  • Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive / complications
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Rheumatic Diseases / complications
  • Sleep Apnea Syndromes / epidemiology
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders / epidemiology
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / etiology
  • Sweden