Are there factors in the disease of peroneal necrotizing fasciitis which should be used when choosing the anesthetic technique?: Descriptive analysis of a cohort from two centers

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2022 Jan;28(1):48-56. doi: 10.14744/tjtes.2020.15088.


Background: This study aims to examine the factors affecting the selection of anaesthesia method in Fournier's gangrene.

Methods: A retrospective evaluation was made of 113 patients operated on because of Fournier's gangrene between January-May 2019. The operations were performed under spinal anaesthesia in 78 cases (Group S) and under general anaesthesia in 35 cases (Group G). The patients were evaluated regarding age, gender, the anaesthesia method used (spinal, general) anaesthetic agent applied, presence of sepsis, and biochemical, hematological and inflammatory parameters.

Results: When the patients were evaluated regarding the Fournier Gangrene Severity Index (FGSI), patients in Group S had lower scores (p=0.001). Examination of the tomography images revealed that in 13 (37.1%) patients, air values were seen in the right or left gluteal area, or both, extending to the subcutaneous tissue. In the evaluation of the factors affecting the selection of general anaesthesia, a positive correlation was determined between an increase in FGSI (r=0.482, p=0.001) and the presence of sepsis (r=0.485, p=0.001) and gluteal region involvement (r=0.628, p<0.001).

Conclusion: The selection of anaesthesia method in Fournier gangrene patients is a complex process affected by factors, such as the patients' general condition, sepsis, and whether or not there is bleeding diathesis. The risk -benefit balance in the selection of anaesthesia method should be evaluated individually for patients.

MeSH terms

  • Anesthetics*
  • Fasciitis, Necrotizing*
  • Fournier Gangrene* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Severity of Illness Index


  • Anesthetics