Determination of factors associated with perforation in patients with geriatric acute appendicitis

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2022 Jan;28(1):33-38. doi: 10.14744/tjtes.2020.25741.

Abstract

Background: Recognition and management of abdominal emergencies in geriatric patients are more complicated compared to the younger population. We aimed to investigate the demographic characteristics of geriatric patients diagnosed with acute appendicitis and to investigate the factors associated with perforation in the early stages in this study.

Methods: After obtaining local ethical committee approval, patients 65 years and older who had appendectomy between January 2015 and December 2019 were included the study. Demographic data of the patients, physical examination findings, and laboratory results were analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups based on surgical reports: Perforated and simple appendicitis.

Results: During the study period, 72 patients were evaluated. In our study, 48.6% of the patients were male, and the median age was 71.5 years (IQR 25-75, 68-80). Perforated appendicitis was detected in 28% of the patients. We were determined that the vast majority of patients with perforated appendicitis were male; had more frequent chronic kidney disease and post-operative local complications; had increased leukocytes, neutrophils, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and total bilirubin; and had reduced albumin; and these differences were statistically significant (all values p<0.05). Multivariate analysis shows increased neutrophil count and male sex was significantly associated with perforated appendicitis (p=0.035 and p=0.01, respectively).

Conclusion: Geriatric patients with chronic kidney disease can be at higher risk of perforated appendicitis due to inadequate abdominal physical examination results. In addition, male gender and an elevated neutrophil count are independent predictors of perforation.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Aged
  • Appendectomy
  • Appendicitis* / complications
  • Appendicitis* / epidemiology
  • Appendicitis* / surgery
  • C-Reactive Protein
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Perforation* / epidemiology
  • Intestinal Perforation* / etiology
  • Leukocyte Count
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies

Substances

  • C-Reactive Protein