Background: Fractures of proximal femur are rarely seen in childhood. These fractures can result in serious complications such as avascular necrosis (AVN), coxa vara, and early closure of the femoral epiphysis. The aim of this study is to investigate retrospectively the Delbet type 2 fractures that are commonly seen and has high rates of AVN.
Methods: Forty-two patients whose Delbet type 2 fractures were treated in our hospital between January 2009 and June 2018 were analyzed. The patients' mechanism of fracture formation, displacement of the fracture, presence of accompanying injuries, timing of surgery, open or closed reduction, whether the screws cross the epiphyseal growth plate epiphyseal line, and AVN data were analyzed retrospectively.
Results: Of the 42 screened patients, 34 patients with complete follow-up graphs and files were included in the study. The mean age of the patients was 11.02 years (1-17 years old), and the mean follow-up time was 40.82 months (range 24 to 98 months). When the follow-up radiographs of the patients were examined, it was found that AVN in 9 patients (26.5%), coxa vara in 2 patients (5.9%), and non-union in 1 patient (2.9%). The AVN rate was significantly higher in patients with high-energy injuries and high fracture displacement at baseline (p=0.034 and p=0.047, respectively).
Conclusion: According to our findings in Delbet type 2 fractures, other than the severity of the trauma and the initial displacement of the fracture, factors related to the treatment process do not have a significant effect on the development of AVN. Age was not determined as a risk factor for the development of AVN in these patients.