Angiotensin stimulates rapid and prominent increases in inositol polyphosphates and their metabolites in bovine glomerulosa cells labeled with [3H]inositol. In addition to the early formation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins-1,4,5-P3) and inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate (Ins-1,3,4-P3), as well as their intermediate product, inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate (Ins-1,3,4,5-P4), delayed increases in two new InsP4 isomers were consistently observed by high resolution high performance liquid chromatography. Studies on the metabolism of purified Ins-1,3,4,5-P4 preparations, labeled with [3H]inositol and 32P to monitor sites of dephosphorylation, were performed in permeabilized glomerulosa cells. In addition to rapid degradation of Ins-1,3,4,5-P3 to Ins-1,3,4-P3 and then to Ins-3,4-P2, there was delayed formation of one of the putative InsP4 isomers observed during AII stimulation in intact cells. The kinetics of formation of the new InsP4 isomer, and the lack of phosphate in its 5 position based on isotope ratios, were consistent with its origin from Ins-1,3,4-P3. This was confirmed by the conversion of [3H]Ins-1,3,4-P3 to the new InsP4 isomer in permeabilized cells by a kinase distinct from that which phosphorylates Ins-1,4,5-P3. These results have demonstrated that the dephosphorylation sequence of Ins-1,4,5-P3 metabolism is accompanied by a complex cycle of higher phosphorylations with formation of new intermediates of potential significance in cellular regulation.