Myostatin gene inactivation increases post-mortem calpain-dependent muscle proteolysis in mice

Meat Sci. 2022 Mar;185:108726. doi: 10.1016/j.meatsci.2021.108726. Epub 2021 Dec 24.

Abstract

Myostatin deficiency leads to extensive skeletal muscle hypertrophy, but its consequence on post-mortem muscle proteolysis is unknown. Here, we compared muscle myofibrillar protein degradation, and autophagy, ubiquitin-proteasome and Ca2+-dependent proteolysis relative to the energetic and redox status in wild-type (WT) and myostatin knock-out mice (KO) during early post-mortem storage. KO muscles showed higher degradation of myofibrillar proteins in the first 24 h after death, associated with preserved antioxidant status, compared with WT muscles. Analysis of key autophagy and ubiquitin-proteasome system markers indicated that these two pathways were not upregulated in post-mortem muscle (both genotypes), but basal autophagic flux and ATP content were lower in KO muscles. Proteasome and caspase activities were not different between WT and KO mice. Conversely, calpain activity was higher in KO muscles, concomitantly with higher troponin T and desmin degradation. Altogether, these results suggest that calpains but not the autophagy, proteasome and caspase systems, explain the difference in post-mortem muscle protein proteolysis between both genotypes.

Keywords: Myofibrillar protein; Oxidative stress; Post-mortem; Proteolysis; Skeletal muscle.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calpain* / genetics
  • Calpain* / metabolism
  • Gene Silencing
  • Mice
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism
  • Myostatin* / genetics
  • Proteolysis

Substances

  • Mstn protein, mouse
  • Myostatin
  • Calpain