Ultraviolet-sensitive syndrome is a rare skin disorder characterised by heterogeneous phenotypic spectrum of skin freckling, telangiectasia and acute sunburn. It usually has an autosomal recessive pattern. So far, only 18 patients from nine different families (Japanese, French, Israeli, Iranian and Pakistani) have been reported in scientific literature. Its precise prevalence is still unknown, but, according to an estimate, its prevalence ratio is 1:100,000 worldwide. Until now, only three genes have been reported to be involved in the syndrome; the Excision Repair Cross-Complementing, Group 6, the Excision Repair Cross-Complementing, Group 8 and the UV-Stimulated Scaffold Protein A (UVSSA). Among these genes, the last one is reported to be more prevalent among different ethnicities, including Pakistani. Physiologically, most of the syndrome genes are involved in the transcription-coupled nucleotide excision pathway. In order to reduce the disease severity, the patients are advised to use medicated skin moisturisers or sun-blocks, sunglasses and gloves, while going out in the sun to avoid sun exposure. The current narrative review was planned to discuss the molecular genetics and the mutational spectrum of the syndrome, and to describe the differential diagnosis of various related disorders in order to facilitate clinical researchers.
Keywords: UV-sensitive syndrome, Molecular genetics, ERCC6, ERCC8, UVSSA..