Memory care reduces nursing home admissions among assisted-living residents with dementia

Alzheimers Dement. 2022 Oct;18(10):1880-1888. doi: 10.1002/alz.12513. Epub 2022 Jan 3.


Introduction: We compare nursing-home and hospital admissions among residents with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) in memory-care assisted living to those in general assisted living.

Methods: Retrospective study of Medicare beneficiaries with ADRD in large (>25 bed) assisted-living communities. We compared admission to a hospital, to a nursing home, and long-term (>90 day) admission to a nursing home between the two groups, using risk differences and survival analysis.

Results: Residents in memory-care assisted living had a lower adjusted risk of hospitalization (risk difference = -1.8 percentage points [P = .014], hazard ratio = 0.93 [0.87-1.00]), a lower risk of nursing-home admission (risk difference = -2.2 percentage points [P < .001], hazard ratio = 0.87 [-.79-0.95]), and a lower risk of a long-term nursing home admission (risk difference = -1.1 percentage points [P < .001], hazard ratio = 0.71 [0.57-0.88]).

Discussion: Memory care is associated with reduced rates of nursing-home placement, particularly long-term stays, compared to general assisted living.

Keywords: Alzheimer's disease and related dementias; assisted living; dementia care; hospitalization; memory care; nursing home admission; residential care.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Alzheimer Disease* / therapy
  • Dementia* / epidemiology
  • Dementia* / therapy
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Medicare
  • Nursing Homes
  • Retrospective Studies
  • United States