Incidence of and Risk Factors for Lateral Trochanteric Pain After Direct Anterior Approach Total Hip Arthroplasty

Orthopedics. 2022 Mar-Apr;45(2):e79-e85. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20211227-07. Epub 2022 Jan 3.


Lateral trochanteric pain (LTP) is a common complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The goals of this study were to report the incidence of LTP after direct anterior approach (DAA) THA, describe the treatment course and outcomes, and examine patient-specific and implant-related potential risk factors. A retrospective review identified patients who underwent primary DAA THA with at least 1-year follow-up. Postoperative functional outcome scores and LTP occurrence were recorded. Patient demographics, surgical indications, implant characteristics, medical comorbidities, and radiographic parameters were obtained. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify risk factors. A total of 610 THA procedures were performed for 563 patients (mean follow-up, 30.9±15.2 months). The overall incidence of LTP was 11.6%. All cases of LTP were successfully treated conservatively, although these patients, compared with patients who did not have postoperative LTP, experienced significantly lower functional outcome scores (Harris Hip Score, 96.6±4.7 [range, 55-100] vs 89.9±8.5 [range, 42-100], respectively; P<.001). Logistic regression analysis identified female sex (odds ratio, 2.30; 95% CI, 1.32-4.02), diabetes mellitus (odds ratio, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.11-4.88), hypertension (odds ratio, 1.94; 95% CI, 1.15-3.28), and the use of an offset acetabular liner (odds ratio, 2.50; 95% CI, 1.06-5.91) as independent risk factors for LTP. There was no correlation between LTP and radiographic parameters. The incidence of LTP after DAA THA is similar to reported rates for other THA surgical approaches. Female sex, medical comorbidities, and the use of offset acetabular liners are likely associated, and patients should be counseled appropriately. Postoperative LTP results in worse functional outcomes, although all cases can be treated conservatively. [Orthopedics. 2022;45(2):e79-e85.].

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip* / adverse effects
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip* / methods
  • Female
  • Hip Prosthesis* / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Pain, Postoperative / etiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Treatment Outcome