Impact of Berberine on Some Epigenetic, Transcription Regulation and Inflammatory Biomarkers in a Mice Model of Epilepsy

Rep Biochem Mol Biol. 2021 Oct;10(3):362-372. doi: 10.52547/rbmb.10.3.362.


Background: Epilepsy is one of the most widespread neurological disease worldwide. Status epilepticus (SE) is a life-threatening neurologic disorder. Neuroprotective approaches are increasingly to discover a promising therapy to manage epileptic disorders. This study aimed to assess the impact of berberine on some epigenetic, transcription regulation & inflammatory biomarkers in a mice model of epilepsy.

Methods: This work was performed on; Group I: (control), Group II: berberine-treated control,Group III: epilepsy group, Group IV: berberine-treated epilepsy. Groups were subjected to assessment of Tumor growth factor-1β (TGF-1β), hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels, histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity & neuronal restrictive silencing factor (NRSF) gene expression.

Results: Study showed significant increase in levels of HIF-1α, TGF-1β, HDAC activity & NRSF gene expression in epilepsy group & decrease in these levels in berberine treated epilepsy group. Significant decrease in BDNF levels in epilepsy & elevation in them in berberine treated epilepsy group.

Conclusion: Our study showed the anti-epileptic impact of berberine via its regulatory effect on some epigenetic, transcription factors & inflammatory biomarkers in a mice model of epilepsy.

Keywords: Berberine; Epigenetics; Epilepsy; Transcription regulation & inflammatory biomarkers.