The Effect of an Islamic-Based Intervention on Depression and Anxiety in Malaysia

J Relig Health. 2022 Feb;61(1):79-92. doi: 10.1007/s10943-021-01484-3. Epub 2022 Jan 3.


Religiously integrated interventions for treating mental illnesses have proved effective. However, many studies have yet to adequately address the effects of Islamic religious-based rituals on mental health among Muslims. The present study investigated the impact of a purposefully designed Islamic religion-based intervention on reducing depression and anxiety disorders among Muslim patients using a randomised controlled trial design. A total of 62 Muslim patients (30 women and 32 men) were divided by gender into two groups, with each group assigned randomly to either treatment or control groups. The participants who received the Islamic-based intervention were compared to participants who received the control intervention. Taylor's (cite date) manifest anxiety scale and Steer and Beck's (cite the date) depression scale were used to examine the effects on depression and anxiety levels. ANCOVA results revealed that the Islamic intervention significantly reduced anxiety levels in women (d = 0.75) and depression levels in men (d = 0.80) compared to the typical care control groups.

Keywords: Allah’s forgiveness; Anxiety; Depression; Religious intervention; Remembrance.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Anxiety / therapy
  • Anxiety Disorders / therapy
  • Depression* / therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Islam*
  • Malaysia
  • Male