[Advances in the biosynthesis of pentostatin]

Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao. 2021 Dec 25;37(12):4158-4168. doi: 10.13345/j.cjb.210066.
[Article in Chinese]


Pentostatin is a nucleoside antibiotics with a strong inhibitory effect on adenosine deaminase, and is widely used in the clinical treatment of malignant tumors. However, the high cost hampers its application. In the past 10 years, the biosynthesis of pentostatin were focused on strain breeding, optimization of medium composition and fermentation process. To date, there are no reviews summarizing the elucidated biosynthetic mechanism of pentostatin. This review starts by introducing the various chemical route for production of pentostatin, followed by summarizing the mechanisms of pentostatin biosynthesis in different microorganisms. Finally, challenges for biosynthesis of pentostatin were discussed, and strategies for regulating and improving the microbial synthesis of pentostatin were proposed.

Keywords: biosynthesis; microbial fermentation; nucleoside antibiotics; pentostatin; systems metabolic engineering.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents*
  • Pentostatin*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Pentostatin