Mucosal Bridge Reconstruction: A Novel Approach for the Vocal Fold Mucosal Bridge

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2022 Nov;131(11):1281-1286. doi: 10.1177/00034894211053272. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Abstract

Introduction: Mucosal Bridges (MBs) are defined as benign connective tissue abnormalities of unclear etiology that extend over the free surface of the vocal fold, are attached to the front and back of the vocal fold but are not attached to its free surface, and are histologically covered by stratified squamous epithelium. In order to overcome these drawbacks, we aimed to retrospectively evaluate and present the preoperative and postoperative results of patients with MB, who were applied the method we call "Mucosal Bridge Reconstruction" (MBR), which we apply as suturing rather than resection of the MB.

Methods: Between January 2016 and February 2020, 5 patients who applied to the voice clinic due to dysphonia and were diagnosed with MB via laryngostroboscopic examination and direct laryngoscopy under general anesthesia were included in the study. Dr Speech software was used for acoustic analysis; mean fundamental frequency (fo), jitter %, shimmer %, and noise to harmonic ratio (NHR) were objectively measured and recorded. Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10) was used for positive self-reporting of the severity of vocal symptoms. GRBAS scale (G: Grade, R: Roughness, B: Breathiness, A: Asthenia, and S: Strain) was also used (by the same clinician) for clinic subjective evaluation.

Results: Patient age ranged from 33 to 55 years and mean patient age was 42 years. Mean duration of symptoms was 22 months (range 16-30). Mean postoperative follow-up time was 14 months (range 6-24). Unilateral MB was observed in all patients (2 left, 3 right). There was a significant improvement in objective and subjective assessment methods in all our patients after surgery.

Conclusions: According to the results of our few patients, MBR offers a physiological and anatomical approach to the treatment of patients with MB. The outcomes of delicate microlaryngeal surgery are promising.

Keywords: dysphonia; mucosal bridge; phonomicrosurgery; sulcus vocalis; vocal fold.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Dysphonia* / etiology
  • Dysphonia* / pathology
  • Dysphonia* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vocal Cords* / pathology
  • Vocal Cords* / surgery
  • Voice Quality