Better intraoperative cardiopulmonary stability and similar postoperative results of spontaneous ventilation combined with intubation than non-intubated thoracic surgery

Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2022 Jun;70(6):559-565. doi: 10.1007/s11748-021-01768-1. Epub 2022 Jan 5.


Objectives: Non-intubated spontaneous ventilation video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy is a well-known procedure, but there are doubts regarding its safety. To solve this problem, we developed a safe procedure for spontaneous ventilation thoracic surgery (spontaneous ventilation with intubation). This study analyzed the intraoperative parameters and postoperative results of spontaneous ventilation with intubation.

Methods: Between March 11, 2020 and March 26, 2021, 38 spontaneous ventilation with intubation video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomies were performed. We chose the first 38 non-intubated spontaneous ventilation video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy cases with a laryngeal mask performed in 2017 for comparison.

Results: There were no significant differences between the non-intubated spontaneous ventilation and spontaneous ventilation with intubation groups in postoperative surgical results (surgical time: 98,7 vs. 88,1 min (p = 0.067); drainage time: 3.5 vs. 2.7 days (p = 0.194); prolonged air leak 15.7% vs. 10.5% (p = 0.5); conversion rate to relaxation: 5.2% vs. 13.1% (p = 0.237); failure of the spontaneous ventilation rate: 10.5% vs. 13.1% (p = 0.724); and morbidity: 21% vs. 13.1% (p = 0.364)) and oncological outcomes. Significantly lower lowest systolic and diastolic blood pressure (systolic, 83.1 vs 132.3 mmHg, p = 0.001; diastolic 47.8 vs. 73.4 mmHg, p = 0.0001), lowest oxygen saturation (90.3% vs 94.9%, p = 0.026), and higher maximum pCO2 level (62.5 vs 54.8 kPa, p = 0.009) were found in the non-intubated spontaneous ventilation group than in the spontaneous ventilation with intubation group.

Conclusions: Spontaneous ventilation with intubation is a more physiological procedure than non-intubated spontaneous ventilation in terms of intraoperative blood pressure stability and gas exchange. The surgical results were similar in the two groups.

Keywords: Intubation; Non-intubated; Spontaneous ventilation; Video-assisted thoracic surgery.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Intubation, Intratracheal
  • Operative Time
  • Postoperative Period
  • Thoracic Surgery*
  • Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted / adverse effects
  • Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted / methods