Additive effects of interleukin 1 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha on the accumulation of the three granulocyte and macrophage colony-stimulating factor mRNAs in human endothelial cells

EMBO J. 1987 Aug;6(8):2261-5.


The control of haematopoietic colony-stimulating factors (CSF) gene expression by interleukin 1 (IL-1) and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) in cultured endothelial cells was studied by RNA hybridization and nuclear gene transcription. Both IL-1 and TNF-alpha induced, with somewhat different kinetics, a slow but marked accumulation of granulocyte-macrophage (GM)- and granulocyte (G)-CSF mRNAs in endothelial cells; macrophage (M)-CSF mRNA increased more rapidly but more moderately. Simultaneous treatment with maximally stimulating concentrations of both IL-1 and TNF-alpha had an additive effect on the accumulation of the three mRNAs, suggesting that both mediators act via independent pathways. The mechanism of CSF mRNA accumulation in endothelial cells was explored by nuclear run-on experiments, which showed that both IL-1 and TNF-alpha increase GM-CSF, G-CSF and M-CSF gene transcription to varying degrees.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cells, Cultured
  • Endothelium / drug effects
  • Endothelium / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Genes / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-1 / pharmacology*
  • Interleukin-3 / genetics*
  • Lymphotoxin-alpha / pharmacology*
  • RNA, Messenger / drug effects
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics*
  • Recombinant Proteins / pharmacology*
  • Transcription, Genetic / drug effects*
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / pharmacology*
  • Umbilical Veins


  • Interleukin-1
  • Interleukin-3
  • Lymphotoxin-alpha
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha