Polygenic Risk Scores for Predicting Adverse Outcomes After Coronary Revascularization

Am J Cardiol. 2022 Mar 15;167:9-14. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2021.11.046. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Abstract

Coronary procedures predispose patients to adverse events. To improve our understanding of the genetic factors underlying postoperative prognosis, we studied the association of polygenic risk scores (PRSs) with postprocedural complications in coronary patients who underwent revascularization. The study sample comprised 8,296, 6,132, and 13,082 patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary artery bypass grafting, or any revascularization, respectively. We genotyped all subjects and identified adverse events during follow-up of up to 30 years by record linkage with nationwide healthcare registers. We computed PRSs for each postoperative adverse outcome (atrial fibrillation [AF], myocardial infarction, stroke, and bleeding complications) for all participants. Cox proportional hazards models were used to examine the association between PRSs and outcomes. A 1-SD increase in AF-PRS was associated with greater risk of postoperative AF with hazard ratios of 1.22 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.16 to 1.28), 1.15 (95% CI 1.10 to 1.20) and 1.18 (95% CI 1.14 to 1.22) after percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary artery bypass grafting, and any revascularization, respectively. In contrast, the association of each PRSs with other postoperative complications was nonexistent to marginal. Inclusion of the AF-PRS in a model with a clinical risk score resulted in significant model improvement (increase in model c-statistic 0.0059 to 0.0098 depending on procedure; p <0.0002 for all). In conclusion, our results demonstrate that PRS can be used for AF risk-prediction in patients who underwent revascularization. The AF-PRS could potentially be used to improve AF prevention and outcomes in patients who underwent revascularization.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Atrial Fibrillation* / complications
  • Atrial Fibrillation* / genetics
  • Atrial Fibrillation* / surgery
  • Coronary Artery Bypass / methods
  • Coronary Artery Disease* / complications
  • Coronary Artery Disease* / genetics
  • Coronary Artery Disease* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Myocardial Infarction* / complications
  • Percutaneous Coronary Intervention* / adverse effects
  • Risk Factors
  • Treatment Outcome