Model of the Temperature Influence on Additively Manufactured Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer Samples with Embedded Fibre Bragg Grating Sensors

Materials (Basel). 2021 Dec 28;15(1):222. doi: 10.3390/ma15010222.


This study investigates the thermo-mechanical behaviour of additively manufactured Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) with embedded Fibre Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors with respect to their feasibility for utilising them under thermal loading. This was conducted through the Finite Element Method (FEM) inside an ABAQUS environment. Numerical simulation was complemented by several experimental investigations in order to verify the computational results achieved for the specimens exposed to thermal loading. FBG sensors, incorporated into the material by embedding technique, were employed to measure the strains of the samples subjected to elevated temperatures. It was shown that the strains given by numerical simulation were in good agreement with the experimental investigation except for a few errors due to the defects created within the layers during Additive Manufacturing (AM) process. It was concluded that the embedding FBG sensors were capable of identifying thermo-mechanical strain accurately for 3D-printed composite structures. Therefore, the findings of this article could be further developed for other types of material and loading conditions.

Keywords: Additive Manufacturing; Fibre Bragg Grating; Finite Element Method; composite; fused deposition modelling; temperature.