Monitoring Dynamic Recrystallisation in Bioresorbable Alloy Mg-1Zn-0.2Ca by Means of an In Situ Acoustic Emission Technique

Materials (Basel). 2022 Jan 3;15(1):328. doi: 10.3390/ma15010328.


The tensile behaviour of the biocompatible alloy Mg-1Zn-0.2Ca (in wt.%) in the fine-grained state, obtained by severe plastic deformation via multiaxial isothermal forging, has been investigated in a wide range of temperatures (20 ÷ 300) °C and strain rates (5 × 10-4 ÷ 2 × 10-2) s-1 with the measurements of acoustic emission (AE). The dependences of mechanical properties, including the yield stress, ultimate strength, ductility, and the strain-hardening rate, on the test temperature and strain rate, were obtained and discussed. It is shown for the first time that an acoustic emission method is an effective tool for in situ monitoring of the dynamic recrystallisation (DRX) process. The specific behaviour of the acoustic emission spectral density reflected by its median frequency as a function of strain at various temperatures can serve as an indicator of the DRX process's completeness.

Keywords: acoustic emission; dynamic recrystallisation; high-temperature deformation; magnesium alloys; mechanical properties; microstructure.