Influence of Physical Activity and Sport on the Inclusion of People with Visual Impairment: A Systematic Review

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Dec 31;19(1):443. doi: 10.3390/ijerph19010443.


People with visual impairment have greater difficulty in accessing physical activity and sport, and a lack of social interaction is also associated with a risk of exclusion. Work is currently being done to include people with visual impairment through physical activity and sport. However, there is a lack of studies examining the status and overall effectiveness of interventions in the pre- and post-COVID stage. This study aimed to provide solid evidence on the characteristics and effectiveness of interventions for the inclusion of people with visual impairment through physical activity and sport in order to address the need for dissemination on this topic. The bibliographic search was carried out with the words "Physical activity", "Physical exercise", "Sport", "Physical training", "visual disability", "visual impairment" and "inclusion" in the databases PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar from 2018 to 2021.The article selection process was according to the PRISMA protocol with a final selection of nine articles. The main results highlighted that the programmes improve the perception of people with disabilities, increase social skills and health and increase the social importance of people with disabilities in the social environment. Among the most generalised conclusions were the need for specialised training, the need for social inclusion and participation of people with visual impairment in their environments and increased physical activity.

Keywords: impairment; inclusion; physical activity; sport; visual disability.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • COVID-19*
  • Exercise
  • Humans
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Sports*
  • Vision Disorders