Clinical Features, Histopathology and Differential Diagnosis of Sarcoidosis

Cells. 2021 Dec 26;11(1):59. doi: 10.3390/cells11010059.


Sarcoidosis is a chameleon disease of unknown etiology, characterized by the growth of non-necrotizing and non-caseating granulomas and manifesting with clinical pictures that vary on the basis of the organs that are mainly affected. Lungs and intrathoracic lymph nodes are the sites that are most often involved, but virtually no organ is spared from this disease. Histopathology is distinctive but not pathognomonic, since the findings can be found also in other granulomatous disorders. The knowledge of these findings is important because it could be helpful to differentiate sarcoidosis from the other granulomatous-related diseases. This review aims at illustrating the main clinical and histopathological findings that could help clinicians in their routine clinical practice.

Keywords: cell; diagnosis; granuloma; histopathology; medicine; sarcoidosis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Foreign-Body Reaction / complications
  • Granuloma / pathology
  • Humans
  • Organ Specificity
  • Sarcoidosis / classification
  • Sarcoidosis / diagnosis*
  • Sarcoidosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Sarcoidosis / pathology*