A layer-by-layer (L-B-L) bacterial cellulose (BC)-based transdermal patch has been prepared via a Schiff base reaction. The L-B-L assembly consisting of covalently cross-linked ethylene diamine-modified carboxymethylated BC isolated from the Glucanoacetobacter xylinus (MTCC7795) bacterial strain and aldehyde-modified pectin formed via a Schiff base reaction. The presence of the imine bond assists the self-healing process after being scratched in the presence of a pH 7.4 buffer solution monitored via optical microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and tensile strength analyses. The formation of the L-B-L assembly was confirmed using field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) analysis. Simultaneously, water swelling and deswelling studies were carried out to test its water retention efficiency. The presence of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) has been confirmed by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy and FESEM analyses. The antimicrobial activity of the AgNPs-incorporated transdermal patch has been examined over Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli using the zone of inhibition method. Additionally, the cell viability assay was performed using the fluorescent dyes 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole and propidium iodide. The AgNPs in the L-B-L assembly showed antimicrobial property against both types of bacteria. The cytotoxicity and wound healing property of the patch system have been studied over NIH 3T3 fibroblast and A549 epithelial cell lines. The L-B-L film also influenced the wound healing process of these two cell lines.
Keywords: antimicrobial; bacterial cellulose; self-healing; transdermal patch; wound healing.