How do microalgae in response to biological pollution treat in cultivation? A case study investigating microalgal defense against ciliate predator Euplotes vannus

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2022 May;29(21):32171-32179. doi: 10.1007/s11356-021-18123-9. Epub 2022 Jan 11.


Microalgae have significant amounts of proteins, lipids, carotenoids, vitamins, minerals, and unique pigments. However, with the gradual expansion of microalgae cultivation, hostile biological pollution seriously restricted the large-scale microalgae cultivation and limited the exploitation of its biological resources. Moreover, protozoan poses the greatest threat to microalgae cultivation. Here, the relationship between six marine economic microalgae populations and their ciliate predator Euplotes vannus was examined. And four concentrations were designed for each type of microalgae to carry out the experiment. It was revealed that four species of microalgae inhibit the ciliate population growth at high density. Furthermore, the experiment which was the influence of microalgae at three different growth stages on the growth of the ciliates for these four kinds of high-density inhibitory microalgae was designed. The microalgae inhibitory effects were already exhibited at the end of the exponential growth phase, and it was significantly inhibited during the stationary growth phase. As the microalgae concentration increased, the inhibitory effect became more pronounced. This study provides fundamental data for screening protozoan-inhibiting microalgae and shows potential to be used in algae cultivation.

Keywords: Ciliate; Density; Feeding experiment; Growth phase; Inhibit; Microalgae.

MeSH terms

  • Biomass
  • Ciliophora*
  • Environmental Pollution
  • Euplotes* / metabolism
  • Microalgae*