Critical review of microplastics removal from the environment

Chemosphere. 2022 Apr:293:133557. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2022.133557. Epub 2022 Jan 8.


Globally, microplastics pollution has become a serious environmental threat due to their multitude sources, widespread occurrence, persistence, and adverse effects to ecosystem and the human health. Addressing this multifaceted threat requires innovative technologies that can efficiently remove microplastics from the environment. In this review, we first overviewed the source, occurrence, and potential adverse impacts of microplastics to human health. We then identified promising technologies for microplastics removal, including physical, chemical, and biological approaches. A detailed analysis of the advantages and limitations of different techniques was provided. We concluded this review with the current challenges and future research priorities, which will guide us through the path addressing microplastics contamination.

Keywords: And remediation technologies; Exposure; Human health; Microplastics contamination; Occurrence; Source.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ecosystem
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Humans
  • Microplastics*
  • Plastics
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical* / analysis


  • Microplastics
  • Plastics
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical