Bone Regenerative Biomaterials in Periapical Surgery: A Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis

J Pharm Bioallied Sci. 2021 Nov;13(Suppl 2):S933-S937. doi: 10.4103/jpbs.jpbs_386_21. Epub 2021 Nov 10.


Introduction: Successful treatment in the endodontics and periodontics depends on the periapical status. Hence, in the present meta-analysis, we evaluate the various bone regenerative materials in the periapical surgeries.

Materials and methods: Online data were collected from the search engines of EBSCO, PubMed, Google Scholar, and Scopus. The searched terms were bone regenerative, bone grafts, bio materials, periapical surgery, and endodontic surgery. Based on the PRISMA guidelines, the meta-analysis was performed. The studies for the past 10 years were considered that included at least 10 patients. The translatable articles were included that had the human studies that were clinical studies and/or trials and also had the bone regenerative materials used in the procedure.

Results: A total of 475 articles were selected, of which 30 were selected based on the criteria. Of these, after the removal of the 21 duplicate articles, 9 articles were finalized. The meta-analysis showed that when the bone graft materials are used along with the barriers for the regeneration, there were observed higher success rates.

Conclusions: The bone regenerative materials can be used for the successful outcome for the periapical surgeries. The guided tissue regeneration along with the bone regenerative materials may aid in the good prognosis of the endodontic and periodontal cases.

Keywords: Biomaterials; bone grafts; bone regenerative; endodontic surgery; periapical surgery.

Publication types

  • Review