Factors associated with colorectal cancer screening intent and uptake among adult Non-Hispanic Black men

Am J Cancer Res. 2021 Dec 15;11(12):6200-6213. eCollection 2021.


Non-Hispanic (NH) Black men in the United States have the lowest five-year colorectal cancer (CRC) survival rate across all racial/ethnic and sex subgroups and are less likely than their NH White counterparts to complete CRC screening. We hypothesized that greater masculinity barriers to medical care (MBMC) would be negatively associated with CRC screening uptake. Employing a survey design, we examined the MBMC scale and other psychosocial factors influencing CRC screening intent and uptake in a sample of 319 NH Black men aged 45 to 75 years residing in Minnesota, Ohio, and Utah. A series of ordinary least squares and logistic regression models were run with intention and uptake as the outcome variable while controlling for various demographic characteristics. Independent variables in all models included average score on the MBMC; CRC screening knowledge, beliefs and values; and barriers to and social support for CRC screening. Social support, marital status, and age were positively associated with CRC screening intention. Increased CRC screening knowledge and older age were associated with a greater likelihood of completing a stool-based screening test for CRC. Fewer masculinity-related and CRC screening barriers were associated with a greater likelihood of undergoing a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. Contrary to our primary hypothesis, lesser MBMC-related perceptions were associated with increased CRC screening uptake among NH Black men. Our findings inform future CRC promotion programs and emphasize the need for multilevel interventions tailored toward this marginalized population to reduce disparities in screening and survival.

Keywords: Colonic neoplasms; community-based participatory research; early detection of cancer; health disparities; men’s health; surveys and questionnaires.