Nonvocal alert patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting often struggle to communicate due to inaccessible or unavailable tools for augmentative and alternative communication. Innovation of a hand-operated non-touchscreen communication system for nonvocal ICU patients was guided by design concepts including speech output, simplicity, and flexibility. A novel communication tool, the Manually Operated Communication System (MOCS), was developed for use in intensive care settings with patients unable to speak. MOCS is a speech-output technology designed for patients with manual dexterity impairments preventing legible writing. MOCS may have the potential to improve communication for nonvocal patients with limited manual dexterity.
Keywords: Post-Intensive Care Syndrome; communication aid; critical care; delirium; intensive care.