Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate genetic contributions to sudden unexpected death in pediatrics (SUDP).
Methods: We phenotyped and performed exome sequencing for 352 SUDP cases. We analyzed variants in 294 "SUDP genes" with mechanisms plausibly related to sudden death. In a subset of 73 cases with parental data (trios), we performed exome-wide analyses and conducted cohort-wide burden analyses.
Results: In total, we identified likely contributory variants in 37 of 352 probands (11%). Analysis of SUDP genes identified pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants in 12 of 352 cases (SCN1A, DEPDC5 , GABRG2, SCN5A , TTN , MYBPC3, PLN, TNNI3, and PDHA1) and variants of unknown significance-favor-pathogenic in 17 of 352 cases. Exome-wide analyses of the 73 cases with family data additionally identified 4 de novo pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants (SCN1A , ANKRD1, and BRPF1) and 4 de novo variants of unknown significance-favor-pathogenic. Comparing cases with controls, we demonstrated an excess burden of rare damaging SUDP gene variants (odds ratio, 2.94; 95% confidence interval, 2.37-4.21) and of exome-wide de novo variants in the subset of 73 with trio data (odds ratio, 3.13; 95% confidence interval, 1.91-5.16).
Conclusion: We provide strong evidence for a role of genetic factors in SUDP, involving both candidate genes and novel genes for SUDP and expanding phenotypes of disease genes not previously associated with sudden death.
Keywords: Intrinsic vulnerability; Sudden infant death syndrome; Sudden unexpected death in pediatrics; Sudden unexpected infant death; Sudden unexplained death in childhood.
Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.