This study aimed to investigate the expression level of miR-126 in children with psoriasis in the epidermis affected by psoriasis and intact buccal epithelium, establish the impact on the characteristics of the course of psoriasis and the results of therapy in children with psoriasis of initial expression levels of miR-126. miR-126 expression levels in psoriatic keratinocytes and buccal epithelium were determined in 54 children with psoriasis on the severity of psoriasis, treatment efficacy. miR-126 levels in the buccal epithelium in children with psoriasis were reduced compared to healthy children (AUC=0.776±0.048, p<0.001). There were no discrepancies between miR-126 expression levels in psoriatic keratinocytes and buccal epithelium (p=0.097). There are statistically significant discrepancies between miR-126 expression levels in the psoriatic epidermis depending on the clinical form of psoriasis (AUC=0.637±0.056; p=0.014) and severity according to BSA (AUC=0.634±0.063; p=0.034). Depending on the miR-126 level in the buccal epithelium, the response to treatment (PASI<75) in children with high miR-126 is worse than in children with expected miR-126 levels (OR 2.79; 95%; CI: 1.19 - 6.51). Treatment failures were observed in children with high levels of miR-126 in the buccal epithelium compared to miR-126 in the psoriatic epidermis: children aged 12/13 to 17 years (OR 2.44; 95% CI: 1.02 - 5.85), children with PGA=4 (OR 3.16; 95% CI: 1.34 - 7.43). The location and level of miR-126 expression affects the course of psoriasis and the outcome of treatment. High levels of miR-126 in psoriatic keratinocytes lead to manifestations of plaque psoriasis with a course of moderate to severe forms. Initial miR-126 levels in the buccal epithelium in children with psoriasis are a prognostic criterion for response to therapy and can be used as a marker for prescribing systemic treatment.
Keywords: children with psoriasis; miR-126 expression; psoriatic keratinocytes.
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