C-REGS 2 - Design and methodology of a high-quality comparative effectiveness observational trial

J Med Life. Sep-Oct 2021;14(5):700-709. doi: 10.25122/jml-2021-0362.


The main aim of this study is to systematically record Cerebrolysin treatment modalities and concomitant medication, according to local standards, in patients with moderate to severe neurological deficits after acute ischemic stroke and to assess the impact of these parameters on therapy outcome during early rehabilitation (day 21) and on day 90. An open observational treatment design based on the principles of high-quality comparative effectiveness research (HQCER) has been chosen to capture the therapies as applied in real-world clinical practice. HQCER opens a new horizon for strengthening the validity of the results from observational trials, thereby enhancing the associated level of evidence. Rigorous pre-specification of analytical procedures and tight risk-based centralized monitoring were additional measures to improve the impact of the observational approach. The value for real-world studies has become obvious, and such studies based on comparative effectiveness designs supplement the classical study designs by enabling the inclusion of larger proband numbers and more statistical reliability for practical use.

Keywords: cerebrolysin; high-quality comparative effectiveness; observational trial.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Brain Ischemia*
  • Humans
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Research Design
  • Stroke* / drug therapy