Dermatology residency research policies: A 2021 national survey

Int J Womens Dermatol. 2021 May 24;7(5Part B):787-792. doi: 10.1016/j.ijwd.2021.05.003. eCollection 2021 Dec.

Abstract

Background: In this follow-up study to previous work, the authors survey the availability of key measures and resources pertaining to residency research in U.S. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited dermatology residency programs, including potential policy changes following the COVID-19 pandemic.

Objective: The chief objective of this survey was to evaluate and compare dermatology programs' resident research requirements and guidelines.

Methods: This cross-sectional study employed a 13-item survey administered online in early 2021 to assess the degree to which dermatology residency programs require and support their new physician graduates in scholarly research endeavors.

Results: A total of 32 program directors representing 30 dermatology residency programs (30 of 138 accredited programs contacted [22%]) responded to the survey. Almost all programs described quality improvement project requirements for residents and were able to provide funding for resident conference participation. Most programs also reported resident publication requirements and the availability of research electives. However, the vast majority did not have required research rotations or a formal mentorship program. The COVID-19 pandemic did not have a substantial impact on residency research requirements.

Conclusion: Our survey provides objective data about the current dermatology resident research requirements across the United States. These findings may prove valuable to prospective applicants, residency programs, and accrediting agencies in improving, advancing, and structuring dermatology residency guidelines and resources with the aim of encouraging new physician trainees to pursue research.

Keywords: AAD, American Academy of Dermatology; ACGME, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education; AMA, American Medical Association; AOA, Alpha Omega Alpha; COMIRB, Colorado Multiple Institutional Review Board; Dermatology; NIH, National Institutes of Health; NRMP, National Resident Matching Program; QI, Quality Improvement; REDCap, Research Electronic Data Capture; RRC, Residency Review Committee; U.S., United States; USMLE, United States Medical Licensing Examination; accreditation; education; policies; requirements; research; residency; survey.