Transition of Adolescents With Severe Asthma From Pediatric to Adult Care in Spain: The STAR Consensus

J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2023 Jun 15;33(3):179-189. doi: 10.18176/jiaci.0780. Epub 2022 Jan 14.


Objectives: To assess the degree of consensus among a multidisciplinary expert panel on the transition of adolescents with severe asthma from pediatric to adult care.

Methods: A 61-item survey was developed based on guidelines for other chronic diseases, covering transition planning, preparation, effective transfer, and follow-up. A 2-round Delphi process assessed the degree of consensus among 98 experts (49 pediatricians, 24 allergists, and 25 pulmonologists). Consensus was established with ≥70% agreement.

Results: Consensus was reached for 42 items (70%). Panelists were unable to agree on an age range for initiation of transition. The main goal during the transition identified by the experts is for adolescents to gain autonomy in managing severe asthma and prescribed treatments. The panelists agreed on the importance of developing an individualized plan, promoting patient autonomy, and identifying factors associated with the home environment. They agreed that the adult health care team should have expertise in severe asthma, biologics, and management of adolescent patients. Pediatric and adult health care teams should share clinical information, agree on the criteria for maintaining biological therapy, and have an on-site joint visit with the patient before the effective transfer. Adult health care professionals should closely follow the patient after the effective transfer to ensure correct inhaler technique, adherence, and attendance at health care appointments.

Conclusion: This consensus document provides the first roadmap for Spanish pediatric and adult teams to ensure that key aspects of the transition process in severe asthma are covered. The implementation of these recommendations will improve the quality of care offered to the patient.

Keywords: Adolescent; Biologics; Consensus; Delphi process; Pediatric patient; Recommendations; Severe asthma; Transition process.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Asthma* / drug therapy
  • Biological Therapy
  • Child
  • Consensus
  • Humans
  • Spain
  • Transition to Adult Care*