Identification of a novel missense mutation in the TPM1 gene via exome sequencing in a Chinese family with dilated cardiomyopathy: A case report and literature review

Medicine (Baltimore). 2022 Jan 14;101(2):e28551. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000028551.


Rationale: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a cardiovascular disorder characterized by consecutive ventricular dilation and contractile dysfunction, often leading to congestive heart failure. DCM type 1Y (DCM1Y) is caused by a mutation in the TPM1 (tropomyosin 1) gene. To date, about thirty TPM1 gene mutations have been reported to be related to DCM1Y. However, mutational screening of the TPM1 gene is still far from being complete. Identification of TPM1 mutation is particularly important in the diagnosis of DCM1Y and will give more insights into the molecular pathogenesis of DCM1Y.

Patient concerns: A Chinese Han family with DCM phenotypes was examined.

Diagnosis: A novel missense mutation, c.340G > C in exon 3 of the TPM1 gene, was identified.

Interventions: Next-generation sequencing (NGS) of DNA samples was performed to detect the gene mutation in the proband, which was confirmed by Sanger sequencing.

Outcomes: This novel heterozygous mutation results in the substitution of glutamic acid with glutamine (p.E114Q). Based on this finding and clinical manifestations, a final diagnosis of DCM1Y was made.

Lessons: We present evidence that p.E114Q mutation represents a novel TPM1 mutation in a Chinese Han family with DCM. Our data expand the mutation spectrum of the TPM1 gene and may facilitate the clinical diagnosis of DCM1Y.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiomyopathy, Dilated* / genetics
  • China
  • Exome
  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
  • Humans
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Pedigree
  • Tropomyosin / genetics*


  • TPM1 protein, human
  • Tropomyosin