Hazardous alcohol use and psychological distress are common among persons living with HIV (PLWH). In Uganda, HIV prevalence is 6.2% with average pure alcohol consumption per capita of 9.8 L. Social support may mitigate hazardous alcohol use. In a cohort of 443 PLWH, we measured social support using the Duke-UNC functional social support scale and self-reported alcohol consumption using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption (AUDIT-C), augmented by phosphatidylethanol (PEth). We examined the association between low social support and hazardous alcohol use using multiple logistic regression models. 30% had low social support and 44% had hazardous alcohol use (AUDIT-C ≥ 3 for women and ≥ 4 for men and/or PEth ≥ 50 ng/mL). We did not detect an association between low social support and hazardous alcohol use. Social support may play no role or a minimal role in preventing PLWH from hazardous alcohol use.
Keywords: Hazardous alcohol use; Social support; Uganda.
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